From Trump Never Mind Kids to Deep Fakes: DALL-E and the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence Art | Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Want to see a picture of Jesus Christ laughing at a meme on his phone, Donald Trump as a Nevermind baby, or Karl Marx slimming down at the Nikelodeon Kid’s Choice Awards?

If you’ve been on Twitter or Instagram in the past couple of weeks, it’s hard to miss the weird-looking formulas for these kinds of scenarios in the form of AI art.

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— Weird Dall-E Generations (@weirddalle) June 15, 2022

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DALL-E (and DALL-E mini), the creator of these artworks, is a neural network that can take a text phrase and turn it into an image. He was trained by looking at millions of images on the Internet along with the accompanying text and learned to create images of things you would never expect to combine, such as Avocado armchair.

Text-to-image technology is advancing at a rapid pace, and the full DALL-E model is capable of producing crystal-clear images based on the inputs you provide, while the thumbnail is still loud enough to capture the weird internet style that it instantly makes meme capable. The best examples of this can be found at r/eccentric subreddit.

a transparent sphere on a beach with a crab looking at it #dalle2 #dalle pic.twitter.com/L0ZmkhqQIU

— Dalle2 Pics (@Dalle2Pics) May 31, 2022

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— Weird Dall-E Generations (@weirddalle) June 15, 2022

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But experts say the technology poses ethical challenges.

Professor Toby Walsh, AI researcher and author A book on the ethics of artificial intelligence, He says the kind of technology that supports DALL-E makes it easy to create fake photos.

“We’re seeing deep fakes used all the time, and the technology will allow the superimposition of still images, but ultimately also video images, [more easily] by bad actors,” he says.

DALL-E has Applicable Content Policy Rules You do not bully, harass, create sexual or political content, or create images of people without their consent. And while Open AI has limited the number of people who can sign up for DALL-E, its lower-tier replica, DALL-E mini, is open access, meaning people can produce anything they want.

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“A still of Homer Simpson in The Godfather (1972)” #dalle #dalle2 pic.twitter.com/fMoc5F5jOO

— Dalle2 Pics (@Dalle2Pics) June 9, 2022

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“It’s going to be very difficult to make sure that people don’t use them to make images that people consider offensive,” Walsh says.

The nature of neural networks in AI makes it difficult to prevent DALL-E from creating offensive images, but it is possible to prevent the person requesting an image from accessing and sharing it, says Dr Oliver Bowen, a researcher in computational creativity at the University of New South Wales.

“Obviously you can have a filter at the end that tries that kind of filter out the bad stuff.”

BRO DALL-E 2 FAKED THE MOON LANDING!! #dalle2 #dalle pic.twitter.com/4Xjsz60brt

— Dalle2 Pics (@Dalle2Pics) June 13, 2022

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Walsh says that in addition to the regulatory framework and company policies around technology use, the public also needs to be educated to be more discerning about what they see online.

“If you get [an image] From the BBC website, the Guardian website, I hope they have done their homework and I can be more confident than if I removed it from Twitter. [In that case] I ask all the questions [whether this is] Little or no bogus content.

Another major ethical issue that Walsh sees coming is the potential for AI to replace text-to-image jobs in graphic design.

“You can imagine that more of us will be able to do graphic design because we can say ‘Paint me a picture’ with the specifications we want, and we’ll get that picture. Whereas before, there was a graphic designer who produced that picture,” he says.

“Graphic design will not go away, it will lead to more graphic design because we all have access to these tools, but graphic designers may have less work themselves.”

But Bowen says this new technology will also allow for “rapid creativity,” meaning that thinking about ordering an image will lead to more creativity.

“This is a new challenge for creators to think about what they want to put into a system like this,” he says.

what can't this bot do? Keep hitting me with DALL-E 2 prompts! #dalle2 #dalle https://t.co/UqSNiWqaWB pic.twitter.com/gAbOI3Q48e

— Dalle2 Pics (@Dalle2Pics) June 15, 2022

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Bowen says the faded look of generations of DALL-E thumbnails has also become his own online art form.

“I can imagine this would be huge for something like Instagram or just for direct messaging with your colleagues when you are trying to send memes.

“There will be all kinds of crazy subcultures to generate images. So if it produces this kind of blurry, slightly distorted images with people’s arms in the wrong places, that’s okay, we just get used to that aesthetic.”