Men and women may have different times of the day to exercise

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The time of day people choose to exercise can have different effects. David Trude / Getty Images
  • A new study finds that there are ideal times of the day to achieve specific goals through exercise.
  • Research shows that for women, in particular, exercising in the morning or evening produces different results.
  • The study also includes the effect of exercise times on an individual’s mood.

Not everyone does the same thing. For some, exercise is a way to tackle a health issue like Hypertension. Some work to build strength in one part or another of the body, others to improve their mood.

A new study suggests that the time of day a person exercises may produce different results. In addition, these results are not the same for women and men.

Professor Paul J. Arcero،, lead author of the study and professor in the Department of Health and Human Physiological Sciences at Skidmore College in New York, says BBC News The best time to exercise is when people can put it into their schedules.

However, the study reveals certain periods of time when individuals are more likely to achieve certain exercise goals.

Dr.. Lion R. My friendan assistant professor of physical medicine and rehabilitation at Weill Cornell Medicine in New York City, who was not involved in the study, said Medical news today:

“I appreciate the authors’ stated goal of increasing our understanding of the effects of math training, and how this might differ from male athletes.

“Women are known to be underrepresented in the medical literature, and even the assumption that there may be a difference between how different biological races respond to exercise indicates a level of reasoning and nuance that has long been missing from scientific research.”
– Dr. Lion R. My friend

The study was published in Frontiers in Physiology.

The researchers tracked the benefits of exercise in a group of 30 women and 26 men who were assigned to exercise in the morning – specifically between 6:00 and 8:00 in the morning – or in the evening from 6:30 to 8:30 in the evening.

All participants were healthy, non-smoking, athletically trained individuals.

Participants trained according to prize (protein regulating intake along with functional resistance exercises, interval running, stretching exercises, and endurance exercises) and the fitness model developed by Dr. Arceiro.

All participants followed a tailored healthy meal plan and intake was similar in the morning and evening groups.

The study authors measured a range of outcomes, including muscular strength, endurance, body composition, and systolic/diastolic. blood pressurerespiratory exchange ratio, moods, as well as their nutritional intake.

Dr. Siddiqui cautioned that the participants “were all healthy, active, lean and stable in weight, which may not specifically reflect the habits, demographics, or goals of the largest population.”

He noted, in particular, that they were middle-aged adults with no cardiovascular disease. Thus, this would not be representative of the general population.

One unique aspect of the study is its exploration of the time of day to exercise on mood.

“[F]Or the first time, we show that the time of day exercise significantly alters moods in women and men.” MNT.

“Specifically, women who exercise in [p.m.] It significantly enhances the general mood compared to those who exercise in the morning.”
Professor Paul J. Arceiro

Dr. Siddiqui also pointed out another interesting finding:

“The men in the study had more improvement in perceived moods than the women. Exercise appears to reduce stress, depression, anger, was significantly higher in men regardless of the time of day, while improvements in stress and depression were only seen in women who exercised at night. “

He added that the study of mood is more difficult because of its reliance on self-reports.

All participants showed improvement across the board after the 12-week trial. However, the nature of the improvements varied.

  • Women who exercised in the morning reduced total fat and belly fat, lowered their blood pressure even more, and increased lower-body muscle strength.
  • Women who exercised in the evening noticed greater improvements in upper body muscle strength, mood and satiety.

The effect was less pronounced in men. However, there were differences:

  • Men who exercise at any time of the day improve their physical performance.
  • Men who exercised in the evening noticed benefits in heart and metabolic health, as well as reduced fatigue.

Dr. Arceiro noted that a “direct comparison” of women and men was not the aim of the study.

“However,” he said, “several potential mechanisms for the differences between women and men regarding their response to exercise at different times of the day may include; differences in neuromuscular function, capillary density, hunger responses, and lipid metabolism between women and men.”

“[These differences] suggest that molecular, endocrine, metabolic, and neuromuscular factors likely contribute to these daily differences in health outcomes and physical performance between women and men.”
Professor Paul J. Arceiro

Dr Arceiro continued: “The exact mechanism is not clear, but it may be related to the neurohormonal and psychological effects of exercise later in the day as a form of exercise.”Stress-Reliever ‘which may also positively affect sleep quality. Interesting to note [p.m.] In men, exercise also significantly reduces fatigue.”

Dr. Arcero added that the study’s findings suggest that people take into account the time of day they will exercise as they develop exercise or fitness programs with their doctors.